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The mission patch represents the story of the mission.


To symbolize the objectives of the mission and the character of the team behind it. QMR-KWT Mission Patch was designed by Nada AlShammari to depict visually the mission of the satellite. This is represented in:

  • Unique shape of the mission patch similar to the cube shape of the satellite itself  

  • Orbits represent the orbital characteristics of the mission as low earth orbit 

  • CubeSat in "kite shape" to depict a rotating cube with number "1" in the middle referring to the first Kuwaiti satellite to be launched into space

  • The line of code "train of code symbol" linking the CubeSat with a ground station on the surface of the earth represents that QMR-KWT mission is to receive code from earth and test it. QMR-KWT is the platform for "Code in Space" initiative to make space accessible to students from around the world

  • Two stars represents the leaders of the project

  • Number "2021" represents the year of launch to space

  • The UAE flag designates that it is registered under the UAE and owned by an Emirati company.

Project Obective



The name “QMR-KWT” means “Moon of Kuwait”, translated from Arabic. It is Kuwait’s first satellite and is intended to inspire students from the world to learn about satellite technology. QMR-KWT is a 1U CubeSat (nanosatellite) designed to be the platform for “Code in Space” initiative. It was launched to space from the U.S onboard SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket (Transporter 2 mission) on 30th of June 2021

Project Objective

to gain knowledge and capabilities needed to work on satellite projects

Mission Objectives

  • Develop open access CubeSat for students to test software code and communication protocols

  • Boost national pride and enthusiasm about space technology among the people of Kuwait  


                            Mission Specifications

  • Orbit: Sun Synchronous Orbit (SSO) at 525 km (mean altitude)

  • Speed: 27,300 km/h

  • CubeSat weight: 1.1 kg

  • CubeSat dimensions: 10 x 10 x 11.35 cm

  • CubeSat function: educational radio amateur satellite

  • Beacon: telemetry, text message, & audio (Kuwait National Anthem)

  • Expected lifetime: 3 years

  • Disposal: the CubeSat’s orbit will slowly decay due to atmospheric drag and will re-enter the Earth’s atmosphere and disintegrate

Black Sky
  • Mission concept development (100% complete)

  • Mission analysis and design (100% complete)

  • FlatSat setup (100% complete)

  • CubeSat subsystems integration (100% complete)

  • Space qualification testing (100% complete)

  • CubeSat functional testing (100% complete)

  • Launch manifesting (100% complete)

  • Launch provider acceptance (100% complete)

  • Regulatory licensing (100% complete)

  • CubeSat-to-Dispenser integration and testing (100% complete)

  • Dispenser-to-Launch Vehicle integration (100% complete)

  • Launch to space (100% complete) on June 30th 2021

  • Deployment to final orbit (100% complete) on July 16 2021

  • Commissioning (30% complete) audio beacon off, low power mode

  • QMR-KWT malfunctioned for unknown reason (last signal received was on March 10 2022)

Amateur Radio Operations

QMR-KWT Telemetry Beacon Transmission Details:

  • Frequency: 436.5 MHz

  • Call sign: LZ0KWT

  • Modulation: 2GFSK (GMSK) 

  • Bandwidth: 2400 Hz

  • Baud rate: 9600 bit/sec

  • Beacon interval: 60 seconds

  • Preamble: 0xAAAAAAAAAA, LSBit First

  • Sync word: 0x7E, LSBit First

  • Packet format: AX.25 UI-bitstuffed, NRZI-encoded, G3RUH-scrambled, CRC16-CCIT

Audio beacon details: in Morse code (tone F5 – FA 5th octave 698Hz, dot delay 60 ms) Kuwait National Anthem

International Designator (COSPAR ID): 2021-059BS
NORAD ID: 48943

Latest Two Line Elements: 

The latest Keplerian Element data for QMR-KWT can be obtained from the Celestrak website. These TLEs are regularly updated at

  • Dedicated onboard computer (OBC) for executing incoming code

  • Dedicated UHF transceiver type II for testing communication protocols 

Black Sky

Onboard computer (OBC) for data handling and avionics. It serves as the “brain” of the satellite. The OBC is the link to all peripheral hardware and acts as the central entity for sending commands and collecting all housekeeping information. This includes Attitude Determination & Control System (ADCS) for controlling the orientation of the CubeSat based on information from the ground as well as its various onboard sensors.


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